TURBOMOLE is a quantum chemical program package, initially developed in the group of Prof. Dr. Reinhart Ahlrichs at the University of Karlsruhe and at the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. Until 2007 the main development of the program was conducted by students and postdoctoral researchers in the group of Ahlrichs, who usually changed their field of work after leaving the group. Therefore, the code was well localized at and, consequently, owned by the University of Karlsruhe. However, since 2007 the situation has changed. Several people, who started their work with TURBOMOLE in Karlsruhe, still make significant contributions and feel responsible for the program, but do no longer reside in Karlsruhe. It was thus necessary to arrange the development of TURBOMOLE in a different manner, namely as a company.
In 2007, the TURBOMOLE GmbH was founded by R. Ahlrichs, F. Furche, C. Hättig, W. Klopper, M. Sierka and F. Weigend. The company took over the responsibility for the coordination of the scientific development of the program, to which it holds all copy and intellectual property rights. Today, the TURBOMOLE GmbH is owned by F. Furche, C. Hättig, M. Sierka, D. P. Tew and F. Weigend.
It has to be stressed that virtually all revenues of the company are spent exclusively on the further program development.
With almost 30 years of continuous development TURBOMOLE has become a valuable tool used by academic and industrial researchers. It is used in research areas ranging from homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis, inorganic and organic chemistry to various types of spectroscopy, and biochemistry.
The philosophy behind the development of the code was, and still is, its usefulness for applications: